THE MUSLIM WOMEN (PROTECTION OF RIGHTS ON MARRIAGE) ORDINANCE, 2019
No. 1 of 2019
Promulgated by the President in the Sixty-ninth Year of the Republic of India.
An Ordinance to protect the rights of married Muslim women and to prohibit divorce by pronouncing talaq by their husbands and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto;
WHEREAS the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2018 was promulgated by the President on the 19th day of September, 2018;
AND WHEREAS the Muslim Women (Protection of rights on Marriage) Bill, 2018 replacing the said Ordinance was passed by the House of the People on the 27th day of December, 2018 and is pending in the Council of States ;
AND WHEREAS Parliament is not in session and the President is satisfied that circumstances exist which render it necessary for him to take immediate action ;
NOW, THEREFORE, in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 123 of the Constitution, the President is pleased to promulgate the following Ordinance :-
1. Short title, extent and commencement.- (1) This Ordinance may be called the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2019.
(2) It shall extend to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
(3) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 19th day of September, 2018.
2. Definitions.- In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “electronic form” shall have the same meaning as assigned to it in clause (r) of sub-section (1) of section 2 of the Information Technology Act, 2000;
(b) “talaq” means talaq-e-biddat or any other similar form of talaq having the effect of instantaneous and irrevocable divorce pronounced by a Muslim husband; and
(c) “Magistrate” means a Judicial Magistrate of the first class exercising jurisdiction under the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973, (2 of 1974) in the area where the married Muslim woman resides.
DECLARATION OF TALAQ TO BE VOID AND ILLEGAL
3. Talaq to be void and illegal.-Any pronouncement of talaq by a Muslim husband upon his wife, by words, either spoken or written or in electronic form or in any other manner whatsoever, shall be void and illegal.
4. Punishment for pronouncing talaq.-Any Muslim husband who pronounces talaq referred to in section 3 upon his wife shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine.
PROTECTION OF RIGHTS OF MARRIED MUSLIM WOMEN
5. Subsistence allowance.- Without prejudice to the generality of the provisions contained in any other law for the time being in force, a married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced shall be entitled to receive from her husband such amount of subsistence allowance for her and dependent children as may be determined by the Magistrate.
6. Custody of minor children.- Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, a married Muslim woman shall be entitled to custody of her minor children in the event of pronouncement of talaq by her husband, in such manner as may be determined by the Magistrate.
7. Offence to be cognizable, compoundable, etc.- Nothwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974),-
(a) an offence punishable under this Ordinance shall be cognizable, if information relating to the commission of the offence is given to an officer in charge of a police station by the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced or any person related to her by blood or marriage;
(b) an offence punishable under this Ordinance shall be compoundable, at the instance of the married Muslim women upon whom talaq is pronounced with the permission of the Magistrate, on such terms and conditions as he may determine;
(c) no person accused of an offence punishable under this Ordinance shall be released on bail unless the Magistrate, on an application filed by the accused and after hearing the married Muslim woman upon whom talaq is pronounced, is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for granting bail to such person.
8. Repeal and Savings.- (1) The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2018 (Ord. 7 of 2018) is hereby repealed.
(2) Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2018 (Ord. 7 of 2018) shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the provisions of this Ordinance.