Important M.C.Q. asked in various Judicial and APO Exams for different states has been included here. Legal questions asked in previous year papers tend to repeat a lot. There are total 50 questions along with their answers.

  1. Who called Jurisprudence as “Lawyer’s extroversion”?
  • Savigny
  • Salmond
  • Julius Stone
  • Buckland

Ans. (c)

  1. ‘Jurisprudence is the scientific synthesis of the essential principles of law’ said :
  • Holland
  • Pound
  • K. Allen
  • Rudolf Von Ihering

Ans. (c)

  1. Who amongst the following said that jurisprudence is the philosophy of positive law :
  • Gray
  • Holland
  • Hart
  • Austin

Ans. (d)

  1. The distinction between general and particular jurisprudence was recognized by :
  • Holland
  • Salmond
  • Austin
  • Kelsen

Ans. (c)

  1. Who was the first jurist to study comparative aspect of law :
  • Savigny
  • Austin
  • Kelsen
  • Maine

Ans. (d)

  1. Who said that “Jurisprudence is the eye of law” :
  • Maine
  • Savigny
  • Pound
  • Laski

Ans. (d)

  1. “Jurisprudence is the philosophical aspect of knowledge of law” Said by :
  • Austin
  • Kelson
  • Laski
  • Cicero

Ans. (d)

  1. Who amongst the following said that “Jurisprudence is the formal science of positive law” :
  • Holland
  • Salmond
  • Austin
  • Bentham

Ans. (a)

Note: Austin called it “the philosophy of positive law”.

  1. Who amongst the following looks at jurisprudence ‘as a system of rules’ :
  • Austin
  • Hart
  • Salmond
  • Holland

Ans. (b)

  1. National character of law was introduced in jurisprudence by :
  • Karl Marx
  • Savigny
  • Montesquieu
  • Hans Kelsen

Ans. (a)

  1. Analytical, Historical and Ethnical jurisprudence are three different parts of jurisprudence according to :
  • Salmond
  • Ihering
  • L.A. Hart
  • Immanual Kant

Ans. (a)

  1. In the dark age, natural law was given a new interpretation by :
  • Augustine
  • Thomas Acquinas
  • Paul
  • Ulpian

Ans. (a)

  1. Who says that “Social Contract is not a historical fact but a hypothetical construction of reason”?
  • Hobbes
  • Locke
  • Thomas Acquinas
  • Rousseau

Ans. (d)

  1. Who among the following is not the follower of Natural Law Theories?
  • Cicero
  • Hart
  • Hooker
  • Aristotle

Ans. (c)

  1. Who was an exponent of “natural law with a variable content”?
  • John Rawls
  • Stammler
  • Jerome Hall
  • John Finns

Ans. (b)

  1. A Theory of Justice” is the work of :
  • Stammler
  • Rawls
  • Hall
  • Morris

Ans. (b)

  1. Which one of the following doctrines is not associated with Natural Law thinking :
  • Doctrine of substituted security
  • Doctrine of due process
  • Doctrine of bias
  • Doctrine of reasonableness

Ans. (a)

  1. Who says that “all positive law is attempt at just law and justice is a harmony of wills or purposes within the framework of the social life. The harmony of will or purposes vary according to time and place” :
  • Stammler
  • Rousseau
  • Hobbes
  • Acquinas

Ans. (a)

  1. Which of the following factors contributed significantly to the revival of natural law in the 20th century?
  • Depression of the 1930
  • The rise of Fascism
  • The international recognition of human rights after World War II
  • The Bolshevik Revolution

Ans. (c)

  1. “The state of nature was a golden age, only the property was insecure. It was for the purpose of protection of property that man entered into the social contract.” It is said by:
  • Hobbes
  • Locke
  • Rousseau
  • Plato

Ans. (b)

  1. Stammler had divided law into two parts :
  • Positive law and positive morality
  • Positive law and negative law
  • Idea of law and concept
  • Divine law and Human law

Ans. (c)

  1. In which of the following the idea of ‘natural law’ first appeared :
  • French Revolution
  • American War of Independence
  • Roman Law
  • Greek Thinking

Ans. (d)

  1. “Natural law is based on the nature of man and on his inward need of living in society.” Who said it?
  • Hugo Grotius
  • Hobbes
  • Locke
  • Rousseau

Ans. (b)

  1. Theory of categorical imperative was propounded by :
  • Stone
  • Allen
  • Austin
  • Kant

Ans. (d)

  1. The theoretic character of natural law was given by :
  • Plato
  • Augustine
  • Aristotle
  • Thomas Acquinas

Ans. (d)

  1. Which one of the following schools gave birth of the concept of ‘Human Rights’ :
  • Historical School
  • Natural Law School
  • Realist School
  • Sociological School

Ans. (b)

  1. Law consists of set of principles or body of rules recognized and applied by the State in the administration of justice’. The statement is made by :
  • Austin
  • Salmond
  • Holland
  • Gray

Ans. (b)

  1. Which one of the following schools supports the view that a custom becomes law when it receives the stamp of judicial recognition by courts :
  • Analytical School
  • Natural Law School
  • Historical School
  • Sociological School

Ans. (a)

  1. Austin is said to be the exponent of which school of the following :
  • Historical School
  • Analytical School
  • Realist School
  • Sociological School

Ans. (b)

  1. The author of the book “Province or Jurisprudence Determined” is :
  • Bentham
  • Austin
  • Kelsen
  • Hart

Ans. (b)

  1. About the positive approach of law who said, “This is a confluence of command, sanction and sovereignty”?
  • Hart
  • Holland
  • Austin
  • Kelsen

Ans. (a)

  1. Who categorized the subject of jurisprudence as Expositorial Jurisprudence and Censorial Jurisprudence :
  • Holland
  • Bentham
  • Kelsen
  • Paton

Ans. (b)

  1. Who defined jurisprudence as the knowledge of things divine and human, the science of right and wrong :
  • Austin
  • Ulpian
  • Holland
  • Allen

Ans. (b)

  1. Point out the most accurate response : According to Austin, law has the following attributes :
  • Command, sovereign and enforceability
  • Command, sovereign and legal remedy
  • Command, sovereign and sanction
  • Command, sovereign and obedience by subject

Ans. (c)

  1. Who among the following is considered an exponent of utilitarianism?
  • Hobbes
  • Bentham
  • David Hums
  • Grotius

Ans. (b)

  1. Who amongst the following is said to be the propounder of the “theory of utility”, i.e. greatest good of greatest number :
  • Austin
  • Holland
  • Hart
  • Bentham

Ans. (d)

  1. Father of English Jurisprudence’ is considered to :
  • John Austin
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • L.A. Hart
  • Kelsen

Ans. (a)

  1. According to Austin the science of jurisprudence is concerned with :
  • Morality
  • Positive law
  • Divine law
  • Natural law

Ans. (b)

  1. Who laid down the foundation of positivism in the modern sense of the term :
  • K. Allen
  • Bentham
  • Austin
  • Salmond

Ans. (d)

  1. Who is not the exponent of Analytical School of jurisprudence from amongst the following :
  • Bentham
  • Holland
  • Hohfeld
  • Puchta

Ans. (c)

  1. Whose legal philosophy is called “Utilitarian individualism” :
  • Austin
  • Kant
  • Hart
  • Bentham

Ans. (d)

  1. According to Austin, which one of the following is not an essential element of Law :
  • Command
  • Ideal
  • Duty
  • Sanction

Ans. (b)

  1. Who amongst the following said that “right with me is a child of law…..a natural right is a son that never had a father :
  • Jeremy Valdon
  • Jeremy Bentham
  • Salmond
  • Paton

Ans. (b)

  1. The following person is the author of the book ‘The Concept of Law’ :
  • Hart
  • Austin
  • Bentham
  • None of the above

Ans. (a)

  1. Sovereignty according to Austin is the characteristic of being :
  • only positive
  • only negative
  • internal
  • positive and negative both

Ans. (d)

  1. Norm is the meaning of an act by which certain behavior is commanded, permitted or authorized.”
  • Austin
  • Bentham
  • Kelsen
  • Holland

Ans. (c)

  1. Kelsen’s theory of law is called pure theory because Kelsen :
  • Purely discussed jurisprudence only
  • Defined law in according with morality and purity
  • Separated law from religion, ethics, sociology and history
  • Discussed law purely in terms of justice

Ans. (a)

  1. Who amongst the following said that “law is normative science” :
  • Kelsen
  • Holland
  • Friedman
  • Paton

Ans. (a)

  1. Hart’s analysis of law distinguishes between :
  • Cause and effect
  • Theory and fact
  • Being obliged and having an obligation
  • Corporeal and incorporeal rights

Ans. (c)

  1. The expression to signify any assumption which conceals of affects to conceal the fact that a rule of law has undergone alteration, its letter being unchanged, its operation being modified is :
  • Legal fiction
  • Equity
  • Custom
  • Legislation

Ans. (a)

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